Holocaust - The Final Solution
The Second World War 1939-45
On the 24th January 2005 at a sitting of the United Nations General Assembly, delegates commemorated the 60th anniversary to mark the liberation of the Nazi Death Camps. At a meeting later that year, on the 1st November, the General assembly passed Resolution 60/1 which designated that the 27th January each year should be recognised as the International Holocaust Remembrance Day.
The Death Camps were established by the Nazis to complete Hitler's plan to cleanse Europe of Jews, Gypsies and other ethnic groups deemed undesirable. This was the so-called 'Final Solution', which led to the systematic round-up of Jews and others who the Nazis saw as being racially unfit. Terrified, these people were torn from their homes and transported hundreds of miles to death camps where they were murdered on an unprecedented scale. The men who engineered the plan, such as Reinhard Heydrich and Heinrich Himmler, allocated the trains and decreed how these people should be killed.
By the time Auschwitz-Birkenau was liberated by the Soviets on the 27th January 1945 the Nazis had murdered six million Jews, one million Gypsies and hundreds of thousands of disabled people along with homosexuals and other ethnic minorities. The names of these death camps, such as Belsen and Dachau, have become indelibly linked with the worst crimes committed against humanity.